CDC: most excessive consumers aren’t alcoholics
Only 10% of excessive drinkers in the US meet the criteria for alcohol dependence, according to the CDC.
The research – co-published by Dr. Robert Maker, leader from the Alcohol Program in the Cdc and Prevention (CDC) – is printed within the journal Stopping Chronic Disease.
The CDC define excessive drinking as heavy drinking (eight or more drinks a week for women and 15 or more drinks a week for men), binge drinking (four or more drinks in a single occasion for women and five or more drinks in a single occasion for men) or any alcohol consumption by a pregnant women or any person under the age of 21.
Based on the research team, there’s prevalent assumption that almost all excessive consumers are alcohol dependent – mainly because many alcoholics have past excessive consuming. However they observe that couple of research has assessed rates of alcohol dependence among excessive consumers.
“Use of similarly info is essential to tell the prioritization of methods to avoid excessive consuming and treat alcohol dependence,” the authors.
Findings suggest ‘most excessive drinkers are unlikely to need addiction treatment’
To achieve their findings, they examined data from 138,100 grown ups aged 18 many older who taken care of immediately this year’s, 2010 or 2011 National Survey on Drug Abuse and Health.
In this particular survey, participants were requested regarding their current consuming habits, average drinking and binge consuming. These were also requested about any signs and symptoms of alcohol dependence – for example strong cravings for alcohol, ongoing alcohol consumption no matter prior consuming problems and also the lack of ability to manage drinking.
The analysis revealed that nearly 1 in 3 adults were excessive drinkers, with the majority engaging in binge drinking. But of these, only 10.2% were alcohol dependent – the equivalent to 1 in 10 excessive drinkers.
“This research implies that, unlike popular opinion, many people who drink an excessive amount of aren’t alcohol dependent or alcoholics,” states Dr. Maker.
They notes that around 10% of binge consumers are alcohol dependent, which this rate increases using the frequency of binge consuming. “However, even among individuals who reported binge consuming 10 or even more occasions previously month, greater than sixty-six per cent didn’t meet diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence, based on their reactions towards the survey,” the authors.They add:
“The findings of this study have important implications for planning and implementing public health interventions to reduce excessive drinking and binge drinking at the population level.
Although alcohol dependence is an important public health problem, these findings suggest that most excessive drinkers are unlikely to need addiction treatment.”
Potential interventions to reduce excessive alcohol consumption
The scientists say there are lots of methods that could reduce excessive drinking one of the general population. They note, for instance, that alcohol guidelines in certain states – which entail raising alcohol taxes and lowering the accessibility to alcohol – have demonstrated effective.
They adds that screening and counseling for excessive alcohol consumption can also be effective but is underused in lots of states. “The uptake of alcohol screening and brief interventions may be enhanced by providing medical service providers more training possibilities by including coverage for alcohol screening and brief interventions in standard medical health insurance plans,” they are saying, concluding:
“A comprehensive approach to reducing excessive alcohol use that emphasizes the implementation of effective policy strategies and clinical preventive services might, therefore, be expected to have a greater impact on reducing excessive alcohol use and related harms than a more focused strategy that primarily relies on the implementation of addiction treatment services alone.”
Medical News Today recently reported on a study claiming that, contrary to previous research, moderate alcohol consumption – defined as up to one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men – only offers heart benefits for 15% of the population.