Melanoma: ‘much greater dying risk in men’

Melanoma – the most deadly form of skin cancer – affects men more than women, according to research from Cancer Research UK in partnership with the University of Leeds.

Risks for that cancer include overexposure to Ultra violet in the sun or sunbeds, getting pale skin with many different moles, along with a genealogy from the disease, the scientists.

Their research uncovered details and figures about melanoma within the United kingdom, which reveal that its effects on women and men are inequitable, namely:

  • 3.4 men in every 100,000 die from melanoma each year, compared with only 2.0 women
  • 6,200 men develop melanoma each year and 1,300 die, compared with 6,600 and 900 women, respectively.

While you will find these variations in rates of advanced cancer and dying, the rates of diagnosis among women and men are identical – around 17 for each 100,000 people. Yet, the dying rates for males are 70% greater.

Regarding a reason with this, Professor Julia Newton-Bishop in the College of Leeds states:

“Men are more likely to be diagnosed when melanoma is at a more advanced stage.

But there also seem to be strong biological reasons behind the differences and we’re working on research to better understand why men and women’s bodies deal with their melanomas in different ways.”

She also notes that men have a tendency to develop melanoma on their own back and chest, which can be harder to determine, whereas women have a tendency to develop it on their own legs and arms.

Incidence of melanoma in the US

The United kingdom isn’t the only place where melanoma has much more of a penchant for males. In america in ’09, cancer of the skin statistics in the Cdc and Prevention (CDC) reveal that:

  • 35,436 men were diagnosed with melanoma, compared with 26,210 women
  • 5,992 men died from melanoma, compared with 3,207 women.

Sara Hiom from Cancer Research United kingdom states that prevention is essential to tackling melanoma, adding: “Sunburn is really a obvious sign the DNA inside your skin cells continues to be broken and, with time, this may lead to cancer of the skin.”

Melanoma on man's skin circled in pen
One of the researchers’ explanations for higher risk in men is that they are more likely to have melanoma on their back and chest.

Sara Hiom also states that stepping into good habits concerning the sun, including staying away from sunbeds and putting on sun block, are the most useful methods to avoid the disease while taking pleasure in the advantages of sunshine.

“Research has shown that using sunbeds for the first time before 35 can increase your risk of malignant melanoma by nearly 60%,” Hiom says.

To assist everyone with cancer of the skin prevention, the American Cancer Society recommends putting on a sun block with sun-protection factor (SPF) 30, because it blocks 97% of UVB sun rays, and masking by putting on a hat and shades or seeking shade.

The organization cites other dangerous effects from burning exposure:

  • Dark patches
  • Wrinkles
  • Loose skin
  • Premature aging
  • DNA damage
  • Sunburns
  • Eye problems.

Sara Hiom warns that early detection of melanoma is vital, saying:

“If something goes wrong with the car then you sort it out straight away. The same should go for you – if you or your partner notice any unusual or persistent changes then see your GP.

The key thing is to get to know your skin and what’s normal for you so you’re more likely to notice something out of the ordinary.”

Scientists have recently detected a unique chemical odor signature for melanoma in the skin, potentially aiding early detection.